NameAntoine (ii) Boileau [18], [13], [19], [15], 11G Grandfather
Death1530, Nismes [18], [19]
TitleSeigneur de Castelnau
FatherGuillaume (i) Boileau (1420-1494)
Marriage1497 [13], [18], [19]
ChildrenJean (iv) (1500-1562)
Notes for Antoine (ii) Boileau
[13]Antoine Boileau, 6th Baron, became treasurer, the reversion of the office being executed to him by Charles VIII in 1494. He was confirmed in the office by Louis XII in 1498, at Senlis, and again in 1513 at Valence, also by Francis I at Paris in 1515. Antoine purchased the estate of Castelnau-de-la-Garde, and of St. Croix de Boirac, from the Comte Secoudin de St. Felix, for £400 and in 1500 took possession of the property, receiving the oath of fidelity from his vassals. In 1497 he married Françoise, daughter and heiress of Dr. Jean Troussellier (councillor and principal physician to Charles VIII) and by her had four children. Pope Leo X, in an indulgence dated August 1516 recognized Antoine and his descendants as Noble, and this document remained among the archives of the family till the year 1755. Nicolas, his youngest of three brothers, is believed to have been the ancestor of the Poet Boileau Despreaux, born 1635.

[18]Antoine bought the seigneuries of Castelnau la Garde and Ste. Croix de Boirac, 5 Feb 1500, in the dioc. of Uzès. First sr. de Castelnau.

[19][C-D, III, 385] : “On the 5 Feb, 1500, Antoine Boileau bought the lands of Castelnau de la Garde, and de Ste. Croix de Boirac, in the diocese of Uzès. He joined his name to that of Castelnau which his descendants have carried ever since, and died at Nimes in 1530.”

According to [BBB], it was Antoine II that purchased the lands and seigneurie of Castelnau. [BBB] points out that the lands of Castelnau did NOT constitute a Barony, as has been supposed, and has a lot more details about the lands and castle.

[15][BBB]: “Antoine succeeded his father as Treasurer by virtue of the letters of reversion mentioned above, but he obtained confirmation of the appointment soon after his father's death. He appears in July 1496 as Treasurer in an order to pay certain fees, and is described as a 'licencie-en-lois', a grade of lawyer between 'bachelier' and 'docteur'. In 1498 he was again confirmed in office on the accession of Louis XII. For some reason unknown, however, he was suspended from office from August 1511 to April 1512; this may account for his obtaining yet another confirmation of office in 1513, while yet another was necessary on the accession of François 1.

The suspension evidently did not affect his reputation, for in 1516, on the occasion of the Duchesse d'Alençon's visiting Nîmes, he was taken into her service, she being Marguerite de Valois, the King's sister; while his wife Françoise was appointed her Dame d'honneur, and their son Jean, described here as Seigneur de Sainte-Croix, an officer of the Household. These honours, it is reasonable to believe, indicate the high esteem in which the family was held. Marguerite was always very favourable to the Reform, and this may ultimately have influenced the family into becoming Protestants.

Antoine and his wife, however, were devout Catholics. In 1516 Pope Leo X granted indulgences for them and their family. These documents have the additional interest in that Antoine's Noble status was recognised in them. Also, their portrait painted in 1519 had originally in the background a representation of the Madonna and Child; but this evidently caused one of their Huguenot descendants to fear that this might be a temptation to worship the Virgin, and he therefore erased her figure from the picture, leaving the Child and her hands only. The painting displays the earliest known emblazonment of the family coat-of-arms, as 'Azure, a castle triple turreted argent, in base a crescent or' which arms are also shown dimidiated with those of Françoise, an unusual method.

In 1525, one Noble Marcelin Doumergue appears as Treasurer so commissioned by the King. The circumstances of this appointment are not known, but it may have been under a new system of financial administration introduced by the King in 1523. It did not last very long, for Antoine reappears in June 1526 as Treasurer and Receiver-Ordinary, and again in 1531 and 1533. Letters of survival were issued on 21st August 1534, to Antoine and his son Jean iv, continuing the office to the latter on his father's death, which took place at some date before Jean's marriage in 1538. Antoine and his wife had three daughters, as well as Jean: they were Catherine, Magdelaine and Etiennette (qv).”

Arms according to Rietstap [32]: D’azur a une tour carrée commée de trois tourelles, acc. en p. d’un croiss, le tout d’or. Crest: un pélican dans son aire, la poitrine ch. d’un flanchis de gu. Motto: De tout mon coeur.
Arms according to Lart [18]: D’azur, au château d’argent, maçonné de sable, au croissant de même en pointe.
Arms according to C-D [19]: D’azur, au château d’argent, maçonné de sable, au croissant de même en point. Le caique: ouvert d’argent. Cimier: un Pélican d’or, donnant son sang à ses petits. Devise: de tout mon coeur.

The shield is clear from this description, as well as from the picture I have of Jean Boileau (see the family tree) and the illustration in Holland’s supplement to Rietstap. The castle and star are silver according to Lart, gold, according to Rietstap. Lart is almost certainly following C-D [19] (some of the pedigrees are word-for-word identical, and Lart was later than C-D) but I shall follow the silver anyway.
Notes for Françoise (Spouse 1)
This picture is dated 1519 and the inscription read: Antoine de Boileau, Chev. Seigneur de Castelnau Seneschal de Nimes et de Beaucaire, Tresorier du Roi et Francoise de Trosselliere sa femme, mariés [?] in 1497.
Last Modified 17 Mar 2009Created 11 Sep 2016 using Reunion for Macintosh