NameDaniel Collot D’Escury de Landauran [18], 7G Grandfather
Birth27 Jun 1643, Vitré [18]
DeathMar 1714 [294]
FatherAndré Collot D’Escury (1610-1686)
BirthSep 1652 [18]
Death1 Jul 1699, Dublin [18]
Marriage19 May 1677, France
ChildrenMary Magdalena (1679-1731)
 Daniel (1681-1709)
 Henri (1682-1733)
 Simeon (1684-)
 Anne (1688-1768)
 Marie Jeanne (1699-)
Notes for Daniel Collot D’Escury de Landauran
[18]He left France in 1685 with his father. Daniel d’Escury was Major and Lt.-Col. in Lord Galway’s regiment of Horse. On Pensions List, Civil Establishment in Ireland, 1702. “Served in King William’s Irish Regiment in Holland, Ireland and Flanders 13 years; seven children and sister.” He appears on the List of Oath Roll Naturalisation, 17 Nov 1698.

[294][SF] reproduces some extracts from his diary:
“1686, January, at Basle in Switzerland.
[First comes some details of the nasty Dragoons and how he and his family were in danger. I can’t translate it properly, and SF doesn’t, so I shall just leave it]..... We believed that the only remedy was to fly, and we prepared to depart in the night (from Chateau de la Touche) but we were too much watched to go far. I was arrested and made prisoner, and all I could do was to prevent my wife from coming, and to beg her to use every endeavour to get away by all means. She went to the Coudraye House, five miles from Tours, to Madmoiselle Bouilly, who had a rebellious maid-servant who had caused me to be taken to Tours. I found myself in a cell, arrested, and thought there was no help for me and my family. Grief took hold of me, for I feared my wife and children would be arrested and put into convents. The monks informed me that my family had been captured, and that they were already placed in convents. I had no news from my wife, except a note, which I received the day after my detention, in which she told me of her intention to return to La Touche. I thought all was over, and begged God to put into my heart what He wanted me to do for His glory and my salvation”

After five or six days, Daniel was released and he wrote:
“I thought that my wife had returned with the children to La Touche, but was much astonished when, on arriving at La Courdraie, I found one of my children, called Simeon, who was the youngest, and not eighteen months old; they told me that they could not inform me where my wife had gone with the three others, viz, Madelon, Daniel, and Henry. Ialso heard, through one of my servants I had left there and whom I met, that my wife was not there. At last I learned from a letter I had the same evening from her, that she had gone straight to Monbelliard with her three children. I blessed God for her resolution, and only thought of taking away my poor child and following her; that was a great difficulty, as I only had one arm, but God, who managed everything for our salvation, had taken her to one of her friends at Boisgensy, from whence she sent me back the only valet who was of her religion to try to hear of my whereabouts. I was delighted to hear about her, and hoped God would not try us any more, since He had taken her so far without being arrested. It is true she thought this would have happened at Amboise, but God saved her. I could only think of reaching her. I made the servant carry the child Simeon and set off directly, and ordered the valet to go to Orleans, where I went also. We walked without stopping as far as Bar, near Monbelliard, where I did not think we were safe.
After spending a day there we started to this place, where Divine Providence has taken us for the salvation of our souls. My three eldest children were on one horse - the two boys in the baskets and the girl on a pack-saddle, and poor little Simeon in front of the valet’s horse; my wife and I each on a horse. This little story is only related to let my children know, when they are old enough, what great things the Lord has done in taking them out of this wretched Sodom to keep them in His real Bethel, the house of the Lord.”

[294][SF]. Regarding the escape from France, Henry Maret de la Rive writes: “My great Grandfather was David [he means André] Collot D’Escury. He stole early out at the Commencement of the Persecution, and leaving his own Country went to Holland. His and family’s Escape was thus effected. Mr. Collot D’Escury had three Asses or Mules with Paniers on each side, in each of which a Child was concealed, and over them some Lemons and Oranges for apparent Sale. My great Grandfather and my Grandfather (who helped to lead the asses or mules) did by this Artifice impose on all the Intendants and Guards of the Districts through which they passed; and thus arrived Safely in the Dutch Territories with their Charge.
André Collot D’Escury, my great Grandfather, had been Governor of Quintin in Brittany; he on his retreat in Holland obtained a Captain Commission in their Service, and died soon after his Refuge. My Grandfather (Captain Daniel Collot d’Escury), who went to England with William III., there obtained a Company of Infantry, and being orderd with his Regiment to Ireland, had his Arm shot off at the Battle of the Boyne (June 1, 1690). He had five sons. The eldest, Henry, my Godfather, remained in Holland for a time, and coming over to England with the Princess of Orange (in whose suite he was), he kept the Pharaoh Bank Table at her Court. Wehn returning to Holland with her Majesty, he was made one of the Burgomasters. Daniel died a Captain in the Dutch Service. A third died young. A fourth (named Able), a boy, when mounting a breach as a Cadet or Volunteer, was kill’d; and the fifth, Simeon, died in England, Colonel to the 23rd Foot, in 1738. Henry, the Eldest Son of my Grandfather, left two Sons, one a Burgomaster; the second, who came to Ireland on a Visit to his relations, and whose Christian name was Edmund, was some Years ago Lieutenant Colonel in the Dutch Service, who (if alive) has very probably a Regiment. In a letter he wrote home, he signs himself le Baron Collot d’Escury.”

According to [SF], there was a family tradition that, during the escape from France in the panniers of fruit, a soldier became suspicious and thrust his sword into one of the panniers. The child escaped unhurt. [SF] also says that she believes that Daniel lost his arm before the Battle of the Boyne, as some Boileau papers mention that he lost his arm at the Battle of Attenheim on the Rhine, in 1675.

[SF]: In 1702, at Dublin, Captain Collot D’Escury made a formal statement (in French, translated by [SF]), saying: that he entered the English service the 29th May 1689. Heleft France because of the persecution in 1685. He had a pension as captain of cavalry in Holland, 1686, and passed thence into England in 1688 with King William of glorious memory; in 1689 he was incorporated as captain into the regiment under the command of Schomberg, and served in that capacity in Galway until the 30th April 1691, when he was made second major, and had a pension of five shillings a day. He states he had only one arm, adn that he had served forty years in the army.

He made a similar declaration on 4 February, 1714, speaking of some of the above matters, as well as of his two daughters being still on his hands (Anne Collot and Marie Collot, afterwards Madame Maret de la Rive and Madame Corneille). He says he had lost two sons in the service of the State, one a captain, the other an ensign (Henry and Simeon would be still living). He states he is seventy-one, and has been feeble for five years, and had kept his room for four months. He died the next month, in March. I have a copy of his will, which needs still to be transcribed, it being very difficult to read.

From [BHSP]:
“On top of all this, the cruel persecution occured, in 1685, that made my father and I leave our native country, without having been able to return to Monsieur de Landaurent the titles and evidence of our birth, or the acts and letters of the king that I had been able to save by a miracle. My father left France in 1686, aged 76. Monsieur le prince d'Orange gave him a captain's pension, which he didn't enjoy for long, as he died the same year he left France, at Niemègue, where I had gone with my family upon leaving France. [Now for my own story?]

I was about six when my very dear mother died. After her death, my father sent me to Ladomerie, to the home of my uncle and aunt de Latulerie, where I stayed for two years. After that, my father took me away from there and put me in school, where I stayed another two years. In 1654, my father, who was in Paris, brought me to stay with him; I stayed there about six months, after which my father sent me to the provinces with my aunt Primaudois. Fifteen days later, my father returned to the provinces and took me to Saumur, where he left me to continue with my studies. But I wasn't there very long as Monsieur le marquis de la Moussaye, the god-father of Monsieur de Turenne, who had seen me in Paris, wrote to my father to ask him to send me to him as his page, which my father did. I went to Monsieur le marquis in 1655 and stayed there until 1660; in 1661 I went to Paris, to the academy, where I stayed for 15 months, and then in 1662, I joined the Queens Guard, a new company composed of 100 men, all gentlemen of the reformed faith. In 1665, I was made a lieutenant of that company, which was disbanded in 1668. I then went to see Monsieur le comte de Quentin, who kept me with him for three years. But the war having recommenced in 1672, he made me a lieutenant of cavalry, and in 1674, my captain having been killed at the battle of Saint-Sein, he gave me command of the company.

[Continuation by Henry, baron Collot d'Escury, son of Daniel.]

As it find it necessary for my children to know for what reason they find themselves in this country, and what events brought us here, I shall try to say here all I know, not least so that posterity can admire the events through which God protected those who put their full confidence in his great mercy; for if ever this has happened to anyone, it happened to us. So, my three dear children, put not your trust in the things of this world, or in the friends you can make, since these can all disappear in an instant by the will of God, but make for yourself a treasure in heaven from which you can never be separated.

A very short time after the death of M. de Turenne, my father had the misfortune to have his arm broken by a gunshot; it was necessary, in order to save his life, to amputate it, two fingers below the shoulder. The king compensated him with an annual pension of 200 écus, for the remainder of his life, as one can see from an act still in my possession, and my father enjoyed this pension for the rest of the time he remained in France.

In 1677, on the 19th of May, my father married my dear mother, Anne-Catherine de La Vallette, daughter of M. de la Vallette, seigneur de La Touche, who had been the king's lieutenant at Stenay, a strong fortress on the Meuse. My father had five children with her, all born in France, four boys and one girl; the eldest died in France, and the four others left France with my father and my mother when, in 1685, they abandoned their property, goods, pension and their native country, to escape the cruelties inflicted on those who refused to change their religion. As all the histories of that time are full of details of this terrible persecution, I shall recount only those particularly noteworthy events.

My father and my mother, as I said, in 1685 went traveling with their four children in order to find, in a foreign country, the freedom to worship God in safety, following the teachings of our holy and divine religion. My father and mother were on horseback, and the four children, of whom the eldest was six, were in panniers on a horse that a valet was leading by the bridle. My father, who had business in Tours, when into the town, taking a different route from my mother and the family; he had the misfortune to be arrested and put in prison, where he stayed only four days. His fears for his wife and children, who had not been arrested, were much greater than his fear of death, or the sufferings inflicted on him in an effort to make him change his religion, which was the only thing required of him.

So he was freed; as soon as he was released, he spent all his time looking for his wife, not knowing what had become of her. He learned that she had continued along the road to Orléans, but she had been forced to leave behind one of her children, Siméon, at the home of a friend, as he was the youngest of the four, because he was too young to endure the hardships of the journey. Fortunately, my father passed by and heard news of his wife; he found my brother, whom he took with him, pleased that God had returned my brother to him, rather than leave him in a country where he would have been raised in a religion so opposed to the commandments of God. My father caught up with my mother in Orléans, and they traveled together to Basle, in Switzerland, without any other incident to them or their four children.

The first thing my father did upon arriving in Basle was to give thanks to God for the favour he had showed them, to save him and his whole family from Babylon, and asked his forgiveness [there follows a few lines of religious enthusiasm which are too difficult for me to translate. However, the meaning is pretty clear.]

My mother, upon arriving in Basle, gave birth to a son; it should be remarked that her children were rather embarrassed, she was so large [?]. After the birth, my father left the whole family in Basle, and went to Holland. M. le prince d'Orange gave him a pension as a captain of cavalry, after which he established his wife and children at Nimègue, where they stayed until 1688, when my father went to England with the prince d'Orange when he invaded that kingdom. My father was made a captain of cavalry in the regiment of Chambéry, since called Galway's regiment, where he was then made a major. After the prince was recognised as king of England, my father went to find my mother, and brought the whole family to England; the family was larger by a daughter, as my mother had given birth to a daughter at Nimègue. So we were four boys and two girls.

In 1689 my father went to Ireland with the army, where he campaigned with his regiment until that country had been forced to recognise the prince d'Orange as the king of England. When the king had reduced all these States to obedience, he considered restarting the war with France, which was very popular and which he could do in the Spanish Netherlands. To this effect, he sent to Flanders all those troops he didn't need in England. The Galway regiment was one of those sent to that country. But Lord Galway, who was a close friend of my father, advised him to stay in England with his family, which was already large, and getting bigger almost every year, and offered to gain the agreement of the king. My father took this advice for the good of his family, for if he had been killed they would have been in a sad and deplorable condition; he had six children, the oldest of which was ten. This is why my father never reached a high position, which he should have done, by virtue of his seniority. But not having served in the last campaign of the war, he was not promoted.

He stayed in England until the disbanding of the army after the peace of Ryswyck. He then went to Ireland on a pension where he remained; he lived with my mother until her death in Dublin in 1699, aged 46, and died himself in 1714, aged 71. They had eleven children all told, but only seven survived past childhood. A daughter, born in France in 1679, married a Boileau de Castelnau, from Nimes. Four [he means three] boys; Daniel, born in France in 1684, Henry, born in France in 1682, Siméon, born in 1682. These four children were all born at La Touche, an estate we owned in Touraine but abandoned, with the rest of our property, for the sake of our religion. The fifth child, Abel, born in Basle, Switzerland in 1686. In 1688 my mother gave birth of to my sister Anne in Nimègue; Anne married a Marret de la Rive, captain of dragoons in England, and she is now living with her two children in Dublin, in Ireland. My mother gave birth in 1699 to my sister Marie; she married a Corneille, captain of infantry in England, and chief engineer of Ireland. They have had many children, of whom seven are still surviving; four others died while young.

Daniel died in 1710, a captain of dragoons in the regiment of Walef. Henry, myself who wrote this, I'll talk more about later. Siméon was colonel in an English regiment that carried his name, and married, for the first time, a Lady Zellard de Leefdoel, with whom he had no children. He married secondly a Lady Baron, with whom he had three children; a daughter who died young, and two sons, who are captains of infantry in the English army. Abel was killed at the siege of Bonn, in 1703, when he was a cadet in the regiment of Disselle.”
Notes for Anne Catherine (Spouse 1)
[18]Living formerly at La Touche, near Azay-le-Rideau in Touraine.
The above armorial bearings come from [SF] [294] and are different than the ones given in Lart, which are shown in the card of her father. These, with the escutcheon, appear in the picture of Daniel Collot D’Escury, and are thus very probably correct. However, it’s not at all clear whence come the arms in the escutcheon. They aren’t anything like the Valette arms given in CD, as discussed in the card for Pierre.
The arms here are:
Azure a fess and in chief three mullets pierced or, over all an escutcheon of pretence, quarterly.
1 and 4: Per fess or and azure, in base three fleurs-de-lys of the first
2 and 3: Argent a lion passant gules

Rietstap [32] gives a bunch of de la Valette arms, including: D'azur, à trois fleurs-de-lis d'or, au chef d'argent, ch. d'un lion issant de gueules (V. Planelli de la Valette et Rochefort de la Valette.). The resemblance to the above escutcheon is striking but its exact provenance is still very unclear.

Interestingly, the notes by Henry Maret de la Rive shown in [SF] [294] give a rather different picture of Anne Catherine. He says:
“Captain D’Escury, my grandfather, was married to a Mlle. Belney, a lady of good family; one of whose Uncles lived in Holland (at the Hague), a Monsieur La Villette, a man of Large fortune. Mlle. Belney had an Estate at Montbelliard in Switzerland, which my grandfather gave my mother at the death of his wife, to dispose of for her own use and said purpose. ....... My mother often told me of a large Dog, of the Wolf breed, belonging to her Uncle, La Villette, at the Hague, on whose neck his Master would hang a basket, in which lay a piece of silver. He would then every morning send the Dog to his Baker for bread; which the dog would do. The baker, after putting the bread into the Basket, would take the money, and the Dog would carry the bread home; no one in the Streets daring to touch the Bread or Basket.”
These notes raise all sorts of interesting questions about the identity of the de la Valettes, supposed to be the family of Anne Catherine.
Last Modified 11 Mar 2009Created 11 Sep 2016 using Reunion for Macintosh